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THE LEBANESE CONSTITUTION
Title I. FUNDAMENTAL PROVISIONS PREAMBLE
One. Lebanon is a sovereign, free, and independent country. It is a final homeland for all its citizens. It is unified in its territory, people, and institutions within the boundaries defined in this Constitution and recognized international
Two. Lebanon is Arab in its identity and in its association. It is a founding and active member of the League of Arab States and abides by its pacts and covenants. Lebanon is also a founding and active member of the United Nations Organization and abides by its covenants and by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Government shall embody these principals in all fields and areas without exception.
Three. Lebanon is a parliamentary democratic Republic based on respect for public liberties, especially the freedom of opinions and belief, and respect for social justice and equality of rights and duties among all citizens without discrimination.
Four. The people are the source of authority and sovereignty; they shall exercise these powers through the
Five. The political system is established on the principal of separation, balance, and cooperation amongst the various branches of Government.
Six. The economic system is free and ensures private initiative and the right of private property.
Seven. The even development among regions on the educational, social, and economic levels shall be a basic pillar of the unity of the state and the stability of the system.
Eight. The abolition of political confessionalism shall be a basic national goal and shall be achieved according to a
Nine. Lebanese territory is one for all Lebanese. Every Lebanese shall have the right to live in any part of it and to enjoy the sovereignty of law wherever he resides. There shall be no segregation of the people on the basis of any type of belonging, and no fragmentation, partition, or colonization.
Ten. There shall be no Constitutional legitimacy for any authority which contradicts the 'pact of communal coexistence'.
This Constitutional Law shall be published in the Official Gazette.
CHAPTER 1 ON THE STATE AND ITS TERRITORIES
ARTICLE 1. Lebanon is an independent, indivisible, and sovereign state. Its frontiers are those which now bound it:
On the North: From the mouth of Al-Kabir River, along a line following the course of this river to its point of junction with Khalid Valley opposite Al-Qamar bridge.
On the East: The summit line separating the Khalid Valley and Al-Assi River (Orontes) and passing by the villages of Mu'aysarah, Harbanah, Hayt, Ibish, Faysan to the height of the two villages of Brina and Matraba. This line follows the northern boundary of the Ba'albak District at the northeastern and southeastern directions, thence the eastern boundaries of the districts of Ba'albak, Biqa', Hasbayya, and Rashayya.
On the South: The present southern boundaries of the districts of Tyre and Marji'un.
On the West: The Mediterranean.
ARTICLE 2. No part of the Lebanese territory may be alienated or ceded.
ARTICLE 3. The boundaries of the administrative areas may not be modified except by law.
ARTICLE 4. Greater Lebanon is a Republic the capital of which is Beirut.
ARTICLE 5. The Lebanese flag shall be composed of three horizontal stripes, a white stripe between two red ones. The width of the white stripe shall be equal to that of both red stripes. In the center of and occupying one-third of the white stripe is a green cedar tree with its top touching the upper red strip and its base touching the lower red stripe.